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How to Get Rid of Dandruff

Dandruff is an uncomfortable and sometimes frustrating condition that causes a flaky scalp. Many people suffer from bouts of dandruff and find it difficult to get rid of completely. Certain natural remedies are nourishing for your scalp and can help you get rid of dandruff and prevent it from coming back.

About Dandruff

Dandruff is an uncomfortable scalp condition involving a dry, flaky scalp. Dandruff produces noticeable, white flakes of skin that come off the scalp. While dandruff isn’t a serious condition and is not contagious, it can be difficult to treat. Moreover, dandruff can also cause embarrassment when the condition becomes noticeable—flakes often end up on the shoulders and neck where they are more obvious.1,2

There are several possible underlying causes of dandruff. Seborrheic dermatitis is a condition caused by oily, irritated skin that often results in white flaky patches or yellow scaly patches. It can produce dandruff on your scalp and it can also cause dryness around the nose, eyebrows and behind the ears.1

Other possible causes of dandruff include:

  • Infrequent shampooing
  • Yeast overgrowth from Malassezia fungus
  • Sensitive skin
  • Dehydrated skin


In most adults or teens, dandruff symptoms typically include:

  • Dry scalp
  • Itchiness
  • Noticeable flakes of white, oily skin within the hair or on the shoulders


Babies are also susceptible to a form of dandruff called cradle cap, which produces dry, flaky patches on their scalps. Cradle cap is relatively common and generally goes away on its own eventually. It’s important to use gentle treatments on babies for cradle cap, as their skin is much more sensitive.

Top Remedies for Dandruff

It’s possible to control and heal dandruff and even prevent it from recurring in the future. The important thing is to heal the source of the condition which is usually an excessively oily or dry scalp possibly combined with fungal infection.

The following natural remedies are safe for your scalp and will help you get rid of dandruff:

Apple Cider Vinegar - Apple cider vinegar offers two main benefits for dandruff. Firstly, it acts as a tonifying tonic, which provides astringent qualities to the scalp helping to nourish it. Secondly, apple cider vinegar also has antimicrobial properties which can help eliminate the dandruff-causing fungus.

Tea Tree Oil - For those affected by dandruff caused by a fungal overgrowth, tea tree oil can help as an anti-fungal solution, but also helps to nourish the scalp. Applying tea tree oil to your scalp can help reduce itchiness and restore moisture.

Baking Soda - Applying baking soda to an oily scalp can help prevent dandruff flakes. Baking soda also helps to calm irritation and itchiness that many people feel when they have a dry scalp.

Lemon Juice - Rinsing hair with lemon juice helps to balance the scalp’s pH level, preventing dandruff and scalp irritation. Lemon is also a natural cleansing solution you can use if you’ve developed a sensitivity to certain hair products.

Quillaja - Quillaja is an herbal extract often added to skin care and hair care products. Using quillaja extract on the scalp can help alleviate itchiness and restore pH balance to the scalp to prevent dandruff.

References:

  1. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dandruff/symptoms-causes/syc-20353850
  2. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/152844.php